The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. This is where the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose. Copyright © Historyplex & Buzzle.com, Inc. Similarly, both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia suffered some infrastructural losses, running into billions of dollars. Cause & Effect in the Ionian Revolt Now, we will chart one of the main events that leads to the Persian Wars, again looking at cause and effect. The chart will eventually go on page 24 in your notebook. All rights reserved. The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. Finally, Greeks decided to write down their accounts of the war, creating the first true history in the world. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. What were the effects of the Persian War? The war had a huge impact on the common people too. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Persian War. The causes of the Ionian revolt are especially hard to determine because the revolt was a short-term failure. The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. It had transformed itself during and after the Persian Wars and became a major trading and maritime power. Women were raped in the midst of the war and had to bear many atrocities. Athens flourished, the Delian league formed. 4. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final overthrow of the Persian empire by Alexander in 330 bc. Services, The Greco-Persian Wars: Causes, Effects & Events, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The Persians condemned the Greeks as invaidng terroists, and wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes, King Xerxes: Facts, Accomplishments & Death, How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, ACCESS World History: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001): Practice & Study Guide, History 100: Western Civilization from Prehistory to Post-WWII, Biological and Biomedical There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. However, conflict started between the Greek poleis in Ionia and the Persian Empire before 499 BCE. There were two mainland invasions of Greece, in 490 (under King Darius) and 480–479 BCE (under King Xerxes). Looking for … The pollution caused due to this barbarous act has left a huge impact on the environment and weather of the entire planet. Migratory birds were killed and many marine turtles lost their lives or developed lesions. When we talk of the Persian Gulf War, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, followed by the United States’ elimination of the Iraqi presence in Kuwait ― both are included in it. It not only suffered losses in military equipment, but also its infrastructure as well, which may take years and billions of dollars to rebuild. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. This war, just like any other war, had huge repercussions on the environment, economies of the countries involved as well as on the people, both commoners as well as war veterans. It was also believed that Iraq had developed chemical weapons, and thus, could be a threat to the entire world. Its aftermath can still be felt in various countries. From 490 to 479 BCE, the Persian Empire and the Greeks faced off in two wars that decided the history of Greece and had a massive impact on the development of Western civilization. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely be in Iraqi hands. Another incident during the war highlighted the question of large-scale Iraqi combat deaths. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. Detail the course of Athenian foreign policy from... Why did "Oedipus Rex" start with a question? The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. There was huge air pollution caused by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons. The Persian War was fought between the Persian Empire and Greece. During the war, approximately 11 million barrels of oil was released into the Arabian gulf. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. These cookies do not store any personal information. Clearly, the unprecedented supply of income from the arkhe was a second major reason … For the Greeks, it established both Athens and Sparta as Greek powers, weilind unprecedented military might. As for the economic effects, Iraq was the major sufferer. It took until the middle of the following century to break the barrier. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. What were Pericles' three goals for Athens. The Best History Museums to Virtually Tour During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Virtual Reality Experiences That Let You See History Up Close, The Most Accurate Movies Based on History Worth Seeing, History of Accounting: From the Ancients to the Modern Day, Diamond History: How a Luxury Became a Common Fashion Accessory, Comanche History: The Tradition of Fighting, History of Tea: From Mythology to National Pastime. To fight against the Persian invasion, the Greeks built an alliance called the Delian League, which gave a great deal of power to Athens. Who were the Persians? In the 420s, for example, annual public spending on war was 39 tons of silver per year. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The Gulf War, also called the Persian Gulf War, began on August 2, 1990 when Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait, and ended on February 28, 1991. The Ionian Greeks sought and received military help from mainland Greece, but once the more distant Greeks came to the attention of the African and Asian empire-building Persians, the Persians sought to annex them, too. Athens opportunistically converted the anti-Persian … The Persian Gulf War began when Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. Moreover, the Iraqis while retreating from Kuwait, set fire to approximately 600 oil wells. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. In Greek art, there are many scenes of Greeks fighting Persians. As a result, Athenian culture grew strong and today, we know much more about Athens than any other ancient Greek city. Sparta, Athens. Although the Persian power vastly surpassed the Greeks, the Greeks unexpectedly triumphed. So, in order to prevent such a situation from arising, the United States finally attacked Iraqi forces and eliminated their presence from Kuwait in just a couple of days, by launching Operation Desert Storm. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. Most found it easier to give money, so Athens was able to maintain a superior fleet and continue to extort the money even after peace was made with Persia. This disturbed the entire ecosystem, destroying marine life to a large extent. The Athenians praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for the winnings in the war. Led to the golden age of Greek culture Men of poorer classes insisted on full citizenship. Next in king Darius’ sights were Athens and the rest of Greece. 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